“In 1972 Ed Catmull (founder of Pixar) and his colleagues created the world’s first 3D rendered movie, an animated version of Ed’s left hand. This is the film that they produced. It includes some “making of” footage (around 1:30) and some other early experiments.”
filed under: 3d
Today, exactly 100 years ago, the events that became known as “the tragic week“ took place in Barcelona.
A colonial war in Morocco lead to a massive draft of – mostly working class – reservists.
This resulted in strong social discontent that, together with republican, anarchist and anticlerical convictions, lead to an outbreak of violence on the streets. The church’s involvement with the corrupt burgeoise was obvious, therefor convents and churches were burned. There were alsoreports that people danced with the corpses that had been taken out of graves and sepulchers.
After one tragic week the riots were violently surpressed by military forces. Several anarchist leaders were executed, among them was Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, the founder of the Escuela Moderna.
filed under: barcelona
“Es handelt sich bei kollektiven Gewalttaten in der Regel nicht um unerklärliche Eruptionen, sondern um wiederkehrende soziale Vorgänge mit einem Anfang, einem Mittelteil und einem Schluss, und diese Vorgänge werden von denkenden Menschen und nicht von Berserkern erzeugt. Genozidale Prozesse entwickeln freilich selbst eine innere Dynamik – im Mittelteil wird möglich, was zu Anfang noch noch ganz undenkbar erschien -, und Gewalt selbst ist nicht prinzipiell destruktiv: Sie hat am Schluss eine neue Struktur geschaffen, die vor der Gewalt noch nicht da war. Ob diese Struktur im Ergebniss in Staatsbildungsprozessen nach ethnischen Kategorien oder etwa in einer nachhaltigen sozialpsychologischen Wirkunf wie der, dass man sich Juden nach dem Holocaust vor allem als Opfer vorstellt, ist an dieser Stelle unerheblich – es geht darum, Gewalt in ihrer strukturbildenden Funktion zu verstehen und Gewaltakteure als denkende Menschen zu beschreiben, um das Entstehen genozidaler Prozesse dann beobachten und womöglich verhindern zu können, wenn sie noch im Werden sind.” (S. 14f)
Harald Welzer (2008): Täter. Wie aus ganz normalen Menschen Massenmörder werden.
filed under: history
“Americans tend to see democracy and fascism as all-or-nothing categories. But it isn’t the case that there is a pure, static, ‘democracy’ in the white squares of a chessboard and a pure, static “fascism” in the black squares. Rather, there is a range of authoritarian regimes, dictatorships, and varieties of Fascist state, just as there are stronger and weaker democracies – and waxing and waning democracies. There are many shades of gray on the spectrum from an open to a closed society. (s. 20p)
Throughout this letter of warning, I will use the term fascist shift. It is a wording that describes a process. Both Italian and German fascisms came to power legally and incrementally in functioning democracies; both used legislation, cultural pressure, and baseless imprisonment and torture to progressively consolidate power. Both directed state terror to subordinate and control the individual […] Both were rabidly antidemocratic, not as a side sentiment but as the basis of their ideologies; and yet both aggressively used the law to pervert and subvert the law.
When I talk about a ‘fascist shift’ in America, I am talking about an antidemocratic ideology that uses the threat of violence against the individual to subdue the institutions of civil society so that they in turn can be subordinate to the power of the state.”
Naomi Wolf (2007): “The End of America: Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot“, p. 21f.
filed under: history
everybody has suffered waiting, enjoyed watching, and found new inspirations using it – what would the web be without the animations and fancy application of flash?
to celebrate this event there is a community poll to find out which has been the most influential flash-site ever. you can vote for 10 different sites, and all are obviously highly innovative and worth exploring.
the competition is made in cooperation with adobe who bought macromedia about a year ago. the original technology was called futuresplash Animator and was developed by a company called futurewave software (read more about the history of flash).
filed under: anniversary